HIDE (Lat. ‘hida, OE higid, hid or hiwisc, members of a household), is a measure of land. In its earliest form the hide was the typical holding of the typical family. Gradually, this typical holding came to be regarded as containing 120 “acres “ (not 120 acres of 4840 sq. yds. each, but 120 times the amount of land which a plough team of eight oxen could plough in a single day).
The size was variable, depending on the soil quality. A hide of good arable land was smaller than a hide of poor quality, as it was primarily the amount considered adequate for the support of one family and dependants.