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Topics - jmagarac

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Photograph Resources, Tips, Tutorials / SCANNING INSIGHT
« on: Friday 29 September 23 18:08 BST (UK)  »
I see and read a lot of comments and questions on here about "scanning" resolution and multiple inquiries about how one can get the best results (or improve their results) from the scanner that they have. Most seem to be using ALL-IN-ONE printer copiers these days. HP is a popular one. No offense or slight is intended for those using better and more expensive scanner hardware and software.

I have been in the business of scanning for over 30 years. I have scanned imagery on large format drum scanners, (Crosfield - UK, DS - Japan and Hell - Germany) to high end flatbeds like Scitex. Very expensive equipment and all cutting edge at the time. With digital photography now the norm, you have very little need or requests for these type of scans (from these scanners) and they have even become hard to find.

Most people are using everyday home office scanners - to mid range flatbeds and some even still invest in the more expensive reflective and slide scanners.

To illustrate the difference between a home scanner scan versus a business professional scan, I have attached two images. One from my home HP Inspire 7200 ALL-IN-ONE scanner printer, and one from my office Epson Expression XL.

Both of these were scanned at 1200 DPI. Both the HP and Epson profess 1200 DPI True Optical resolution (more on that later). Neither full res captures would fit into the 900KB maximum post allowance - so both have been scaled and compressed - making them even more similar for viewing, than they truly are at full size.

You will note that the HP might actually look a little better than the more expensive Epson. That is a bit of an illusion. Although the HP Smart app has Enhanced features in Preference (Auto-Enhancements, Auto-Heal, Auto-Orientation and Flatten Book Pages), I turned them ALL OFF. I wanted its unenhanced capture. So... is the HP better???

Well... the HP cost around 160 dollars (US) and the Epson new was around 4,000 dollars (US). The HP added more contrast and perceived detail (at a lower viewing size), but the Epson is actually much closer to the colors and tone of the original (it was a bit washed and faded). Additionally, when these scans are zoomed in on at the original 1200 DPI resolution, one can see a marked difference in detail.

I will follow up with a section of a scan area in my addendum to this.

Technical Help / RESIZING IMAGES
« on: Thursday 07 September 23 02:15 BST (UK)  »
I am a new member. I have posted on a number of the "Free Photo Restoration & Date Old Photographs" forum requests. I have been very impressed by the efforts and results by so many of the established members, and the knowledge of moderators and contributors. I have seen some recent inquiries about resizing images to meet the 500 KB maximum individual image post requests for restoration.

I recommend you read the various previous posts referenced by Sarah, and originally posted by "deadants" and "PrueM" and others. Especially if you are somewhat computer and graphics savvy. They are very well written and very informative.

If you are not, it can still be somewhat confusing to you. It is always helpful when seeking advice if you identify the OS (Operating System) platform that you are on. Windows, Mac, Linux. For most - that will be Windows. Also... if you can list the apps that you have access to, and are familiar with. Others can better offer advice that specifically applies to you and your situation.

I happen to be on a MacIntosh (Apple). Macs have, and have always (as long as I can remember) had, "PREVIEW" as part of the OS. Preview (application) simply lets you "open" images, and lets you do some modest file management and adjustments. Preview supports a large set of image file types, including JPEG (JPG), PNG, PSD (Photoshop Document), and TIFF (Tagged Image File Format). When you receive a photo that you can’t open in your photo editing app, you may be able to convert it to a file type you can use.

If you are lucky enough to be situated similarly, this resizing of images can be fairly simple.

First, One your file in Preview.

1. Open.
2. Tools / Adjust Size
3. Save

Alternate to Save would be "Export". Export is where your "image compression" comes in.

4. Export (alternate to Save) - choose compression value. The higher the better... but you may need to lower until you meet the 500KB size limitation.
5. Save (from Export)

As mentioned and explained in previous discussions, You want to size your images first, before you apply any level of compression. Although a carefully planned combination of both (light on the compression) can produce your best results.

I am not that familiar with PC's and the Windows environment, but I can usually stumble around and make my way through. I have seen from searching the internet that "XnView MP" is supposedly a free Windows alternative to Mac's "Preview" I am not familiar with and can NOT recommend, but it seems like something that would be of help. Perhaps those more familiar with the OS and the app can weigh in.

Handwriting Deciphering & Recognition / CROATIAN HOMELAND TOWN???
« on: Wednesday 19 July 23 01:43 BST (UK)  »
My grandfather came to America on a ship that passed through Ellis Island on June 10-11, 1910. The ship (Mauretania) sailed from Liverpool. The last three entries (one of which is my 18 year old grandfather) came from the same town in Croatia - possibly known as Hungary then. Anyone recognize the town? Beglina...Begliné??? Never heard of it myself.

Handwriting Deciphering & Recognition / COMPLEXION DESIGNATION
« on: Tuesday 18 July 23 00:28 BST (UK)  »
Hi. New here. My Grandparents immigrated to the United States from Croatia. In looking at the Passenger List (Ellis Island) from his passage, I've noted that all passengers from Croatia were given a complexion of "goa"??? Not sure if that is what the recorders handwriting letters/writing are. I can NOW recognize what their "fair", "brown" and "black" writing says. Passengers on the same ship from Belgium were given the complexion designation of fair. Just wondering if anyone can figure out what that "goa" (gov) is - or was meant to be.

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