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Messages - Andrew Tarr

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55
The Common Room / Re: Losing literacy in one generation - Wells, Norfolk
« on: Tuesday 08 September 20 17:09 BST (UK)  »
Your image of the certificate shows it to be the 'certified copy' as all the signatures appear to have been copied by the registrar - i.e.they are not the true signatures of the spouses and witnesses.  That offers another possible false assumption about their literacy.

56
The Common Room / Re: Ethical dilemma
« on: Friday 31 July 20 17:57 BST (UK)  »
As you are related, preserve it. Ideally, digitally. 

I'm not sure that I agree - preserve both if possible, an original is always preferable to a copy.  Digital formats may not last for ever  ::)

I would have thought that if you have been given access to these letters you should be able to ask permission to arrange safe keeping for some of them ?

57
The Common Room / Re: Name Change?
« on: Friday 31 July 20 09:56 BST (UK)  »
Georg was born in 1866, census says he came to the US in 1888, married in 1897, and didn't change the family name until after 1907 (When third child was 5)

I don't know whether the same applied in the US, but in England as WW1 approached, many settlers from Germany decided to 'anglicise' their surnames - including our royal family, as is well known.  A friend of mine's ancestor arrived in Liverpool as Karle, which was altered to Carr - a very suitable English alternative.

58
The Common Room / Re: Millers and Millwrights
« on: Monday 13 July 20 12:58 BST (UK)  »
There are still some of us alive who knew that factories in our town were powered by the old fashioned soot covered wind/water mills sited along a few of the town's industrial roads, whether they still had sails or not.   

Funny thing is that as children my brothers and I never got excited about those mills, but we did whoop with joy when on a family outing and we'd see Skidby mill standing atop Skidby Hill, obviously working because the wind was turning the structures.

I doubt that many people alive today (I am over 80) will be able to recall many industrial mills powered by wind, tho some may have still been driven by water.  As you say the mills were soot-covered, it's more than likely they were coal-powered, because both wind and water could fail from time to time.

59
The Common Room / Re: Millers and Millwrights
« on: Monday 13 July 20 09:41 BST (UK)  »
Lots of the major engineers, civil and mechanical trained has millwrights.
I would guess they would have started in large C19 power-mills, rather than the water- or wind-powered C18 outfits which James Brindley would have known.

60
The Common Room / Re: Millers and Millwrights
« on: Monday 13 July 20 09:29 BST (UK)  »
"wright" a person who constructs/builds things such as a wheelwright; shipwright; millwright. even "playwright" 
I was intrigued when I settled in this part of Cheshire to find that a local garage was owned by a Wainwright, a variety of Cartwright I suppose.

And let's not forget that the first important English canal engineer, James Brindley, had begun life as a millwright.  Self-taught and mainly illiterate, but clearly had a natural talent.

61
The Common Room / Re: Ships manifest
« on: Sunday 12 July 20 09:29 BST (UK)  »
I'm thinking there is more than one Boulevard in Idaho...

Probably, but G-G has the answer - there is probably only one Idaho Blvd in Emmett, Idaho.  As there seems to be a West and an East, it may have been the main street in 1901.

62
The Common Room / Re: Odd spelling
« on: Thursday 09 July 20 10:03 BST (UK)  »
Spelling was less regular. You may come across the a surname spelt in different ways by the same person within the same record. 
In the 18th-C only the 'educated' could read and write, and any records you can look at now were written by clerics or lawyers.  Those people helped to regularise spellings, and if they heard a new name they wrote it by analogy with like-sounding familiar words.  The owners of the names would probably have been unable to detect any differences.  Many forenames were biblical and had been standardised by the printed word.

Education advanced during the 19th-C and the owners of surnames (especially) gradually became attached to whatever variant they had been given.

63
The Common Room / Re: Issuing GRO PDF certificates
« on: Thursday 09 July 20 09:47 BST (UK)  »
For example, Northumberland Archives charge 4.50 for a copy (scanned and clear as a bell) of a marriage register entry. For that you get a copy (complete with original signatures as its from the book they signed the day they wed) for a lot less than the 11 for an official GRO cert.

Valuable info, Boo, and I guess it will include Durham county as much of their archive is shared?  What other counties do you know of offering a similar advantage?

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