Author Topic: Convict - what does this mean?  (Read 1298 times)

Offline SooCatt

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Convict - what does this mean?
« on: Sunday 24 January 10 18:38 GMT (UK) »
Hi
Attached is an entry on the convict transportation registers in 1825 for Thomas Atcheson who was sentenced to 14 years.  Can someone please tell me what this extra paragraph means?  None of the other entries on the page have a similar note

Thanks in advance

Susan
Crampton, Cook,  Bell, Pinkney, Curry, Duffey, Marshall, Smurthwaite, Urwin - Durham/North Yorks
Harrison - Northumberland
Rowland, Nicholson, Sneaton - Whitby
Athey, Ball, Lamb, Handley, Rymer, Duffey, Pool, Stringer, Wilkinson, Varley - West Yorks
Fisher - Essex

Cencus information is Crown Copyright, from "http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk"

Offline Emjaybee

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Re: Convict - what does this mean?
« Reply #1 on: Sunday 24 January 10 18:58 GMT (UK) »
Durham and Sadberge Assizes Session of Pleas, Pleas of the Crown Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Deliveries.

This is a legalees statement of the scope of the Court to deal with cases that fit the headings.

"Oyer and terminer and general gaol deliveries is a catch all for any cases before the Judge."
Beard Voyce, Scrivens in Worcestershire

Offline SooCatt

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Re: Convict - what does this mean?
« Reply #2 on: Sunday 24 January 10 19:44 GMT (UK) »
Thanks for the Emjaybee.

I think I probably still don't understand it  ::)  ;D

Do you have any idea why it would only be noted against this one entry?
Crampton, Cook,  Bell, Pinkney, Curry, Duffey, Marshall, Smurthwaite, Urwin - Durham/North Yorks
Harrison - Northumberland
Rowland, Nicholson, Sneaton - Whitby
Athey, Ball, Lamb, Handley, Rymer, Duffey, Pool, Stringer, Wilkinson, Varley - West Yorks
Fisher - Essex

Cencus information is Crown Copyright, from "http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk"


Offline stanmapstone

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Re: Convict - what does this mean?
« Reply #3 on: Sunday 24 January 10 21:23 GMT (UK) »
OYER AND TERMINER. The name of a court authorized to hear and determine all treasons, felonies and misdemeanors; and, generally, invested with other power in relation to the punishment of offenders.
http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Oyer+and+terminer

Stan
Census Information is Crown Copyright, from www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

Offline Emjaybee

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Re: Convict - what does this mean?
« Reply #4 on: Monday 25 January 10 08:49 GMT (UK) »
Could be the names against that entry had commited more serious crimes that needed a higher court.
Many minor offences seemed to go to Assize.

It all comes down to the crime, misdemeanor, theft, felony, assault, manslaughter, and murder. Each would go to a different level of court. Today minor stuff like motoring is dealt with by a Magistrate, then murder goes to Assizes under a Judge.

We must remember a child could get public birching for stealing bread, and an adult could be transported for life for theft.
Beard Voyce, Scrivens in Worcestershire

Offline SooCatt

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Re: Convict - what does this mean?
« Reply #5 on: Monday 25 January 10 10:56 GMT (UK) »
That makes sense Emjaybee as this chap had committed a murder. :o

It seems his travelling companions must have been less serious offenders then.

Thanks for your help and also Stan's

Susan
Crampton, Cook,  Bell, Pinkney, Curry, Duffey, Marshall, Smurthwaite, Urwin - Durham/North Yorks
Harrison - Northumberland
Rowland, Nicholson, Sneaton - Whitby
Athey, Ball, Lamb, Handley, Rymer, Duffey, Pool, Stringer, Wilkinson, Varley - West Yorks
Fisher - Essex

Cencus information is Crown Copyright, from "http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk"