Author Topic: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground  (Read 8977 times)

Offline lemming23

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Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« on: Friday 22 October 10 19:49 BST (UK) »
Hi,
I've come across someone who died 1866 in a workhouse of "a diseased spine and paralysis". She was buried in unconsecrated ground. Her mother who also died later in the workhouse was buried in a church graveyard. Would this be an example of a "pauper's funeral"? 
Lemming
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Offline Valda

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #1 on: Friday 22 October 10 20:18 BST (UK) »
Hi

It very well might be a pauper's burial if the body was unclaimed and buried by the poor law union, but burial in unconsecrated ground merely means she wasn't buried in the Anglican part of the cemetery. Instead she was buried in the non-conformist section.

Anglicans and non-conformists alike (and the parish church still had a churchyard open to burials) had the right of burial in the parish churchyard.


Regards

Valda
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Online Colin Cruddace

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #2 on: Friday 22 October 10 20:21 BST (UK) »
Hi Lemming,

Even a pauper's burial would be in accordance with the deceased religious beliefs. This one sounds as though it was in a municipal cemetery rather than a churchyard, and could simply mean that particular section was unconsecrated at that time. It could also be that she was not C of E, or not baptised.

Colin


Offline stanmapstone

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #3 on: Friday 22 October 10 21:06 BST (UK) »
Before 1880 no body could be buried in consecrated ground except with the service of the Church, which the incumbent of the parish or a person authorized by him was bound to perform; but the canons and prayer-book refused the use of the office for excommunicated persons, for some grievous and notorious crime, and no person able to testify of his repentance, unbaptised persons, and persons against whom a verdict of felo de se had been found.

Stan
Mapstone, Mapston.
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Offline Valda

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #4 on: Friday 22 October 10 21:21 BST (UK) »
Hi

In 1823, the Right to Burial Act allowed for the burial of felo de se suicides (suicide whilst of sound mind) in the churchyard. No religious ceremony could be obtained for a felo de se until the Burial Laws Amendment Act of 1880, though the full burial service was still denied them.


Regards

Valda
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Offline lemming23

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #5 on: Friday 22 October 10 21:47 BST (UK) »
Thank you! She is unlikely to be a non-conformist as her mother was an Anglican. She was illegitimate. I do not know if she was baptised so that might be a real possibility. She was buried at St Pauls Cheltenham Diocesan Cemetery, Cheltenham, Glos which I think was associated with Cheltenham Union. This suggests a church cemetery rather than a municipal cemetery?? She might well have been disabled and seems to have spent most of her short life in the workhouse. I can't imagine that she would be excommunicated or would commit suicide, leaving her sisters and mother behind. Cause of death also doesn't suggest suicide.
On a broader note- could a pauper's funeral then be exactly the same as any other funeral but without a headstone/marker?
Lemming
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Offline stanmapstone

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #6 on: Friday 22 October 10 21:58 BST (UK) »
By the Burial Laws Amendment Act 1880, the bodies of persons entitled to be buried in parochial burial grounds, whether churchyards or graveyards, may be buried there, on proper notice being given to the minister, without the performance of the service of the Church of England, and either without any religious service or with a Christian and orderly religious service at the grave, which may be conducted by any person invited to do so by the person in charge of the funeral. The Act also allowed the use of the Church of England Burial service on unconsecrated ground
An 1823 Act allowed a suicide to be buried between the hours of nine and twelve at night, without any religious service. This changed with the Internments (felo de se) Act, 1882. where every penalty was removed except that internment could not be solemnised by a burial service.
The prime motive of the Burial Act was to remove a grievance felt by non-conformists, especially in rural districts. The Act granted facilities to non-conformist ministers to carry out burials in the Cof E churchyard, not using the rites of the Church of England, but those of the particular denomination involved.

Stan
Mapstone, Mapston.
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Offline Valda

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #7 on: Friday 22 October 10 22:22 BST (UK) »
Hi


Cheltenham workhouse later became St Paul's Hospital


Regards

Valda
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Offline lemming23

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Re: Reasons for burial in unconsecrated ground
« Reply #8 on: Saturday 23 October 10 15:56 BST (UK) »
Thanks to all - interesting information!
Lemming
Wise Cornwall
Mutton Cornwall,  Australia
Webb Cornwall,  Australia
Bottrell Cornwall, South Wales
Johns Cornwall
Johnson S. Wales
Morgan S Wales
Edwards S Wales