Author Topic: GRO Birth Compulsory Date Completed  (Read 1105 times)

Offline youwho

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GRO Birth Compulsory Date Completed
« on: Monday 11 February 13 07:31 GMT (UK) »
Hi everyone

I know the GRO index started in Sep 1/4 1837 and the birth registration was not compulsory at the start, Am I right in thinking it was 15 years later before it was compulsory for all births to be registered, if not what year was it please

Many thanks
youwho
KENT Clackett, Swaffer, Houghton, Jezzard, Epps, Smith
ESSEX Hoy, Bentley, Smith, 
HERTFORDSHIRE, BEDFORDSHIRE Hare, Holland,  Crouch , Shepherd
SUSSEX  Jones, Smith,
DEPTFORD   Phillips, Francis
MIDDLESEX - TOTTENHAM Smith, Bentley, Hoy, Phillips, Mead, Cooke

Offline stonechat

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Re: GRO Birth Compulsory Date
« Reply #1 on: Monday 11 February 13 07:59 GMT (UK) »
It was compulsory from the start, but enforcement was not so rigorous at first
Douglas, Varnden, Joy(i)ce Surrey, Clarke Northants/Hunts, Pullen Worcs/Herefords, Holmes Birmingham/USA/Canada/Australia, Jackson Cheshire/Yorkshire, Lomas Cheshire, Lee Yorkshire, Cocks Lancashire, Leah Cheshire, Cook Yorkshire, Catlow Lancashire
See my website http://www.cotswan.com

Offline dawnsh

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Re: GRO Birth Compulsory Date
« Reply #2 on: Monday 11 February 13 08:15 GMT (UK) »
The revised Registation of Births & Deaths Act was enacted in 1874

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~framland/acts/1874Act.htm

Dawn
Census information Crown Copyright, from www.nationalarchives.gov.uk

Sherry-Paddington & Marylebone,
Longhurst-Ealing & Capel, Abinger, Ewhurst & Ockley,
Chandler-Chelsea

Offline stanmapstone

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Re: GRO Birth Compulsory Date
« Reply #3 on: Monday 11 February 13 08:42 GMT (UK) »
The question of compulsion is not entirely clear in the wording of the 1836 act, but reading sections XIX, XXI, XXV and XXVI of the act it seems that the intention was for registration of births and deaths to be compulsory.
http://www.histpop.org/ohpr/servlet/View?path=Browse/Legislation%20%28by%20date%29&active=yes&mno=4044

Under the 1836 Act Registration was compulsory in the case of the Registrar. The onus was on him to collect births and deaths and he could be fined for failure to register them. In carrying out his duties the parents were compelled, under the Act to supply the information when asked. The Act states the parent or occupier 'shall' give information to the Registrar on a birth 'upon being requested to do so.' In official documents 'shall' means compulsion.
The registrars also had an incentive to register as they were paid for the entries viz. for the first Twenty Entries of Births and Deaths in every Year which he shall have registered, whether the same be of Births or of Deaths indiscriminately, Two Shillings and Sixpence each, and One Shilling for every subsequent Entry of Births or Deaths in each Year. In fact two registrars were jailed for fraudulent entries. In one case births and the other births and deaths.
There was a financial penalty for late registration in the 1836 Act, and the 1874 Act imposed a penalty for failure to register a birth.
This is what the 1836 Act states;
and every Registrar shall be authorized and is hereby required to inform himself carefully of every Birth and every Death which shall happen within his District after the said First Day of March, and to learn and register soon after the Event as conveniently may be done, without Fee or Reward save as herein-after mentioned, in One of the said Books, the Particulars required to be registered according to the Forms in the said Schedules (A.) and (B.) respectively touching every such Birth or every such Death, as the Case may be, which shall not have been already registered, every such Entry being made in Order from the Beginning to the End of the Book.

Stan
Census Information is Crown Copyright, from www.nationalarchives.gov.uk


Offline youwho

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Re: GRO Birth Compulsory Date Completed
« Reply #4 on: Tuesday 12 February 13 07:28 GMT (UK) »
Thanks  to stonechat, dawnsh, and stanmapstone many thanks for answering my question with so much detail,  very interesting reading.

Regards
youwho
KENT Clackett, Swaffer, Houghton, Jezzard, Epps, Smith
ESSEX Hoy, Bentley, Smith, 
HERTFORDSHIRE, BEDFORDSHIRE Hare, Holland,  Crouch , Shepherd
SUSSEX  Jones, Smith,
DEPTFORD   Phillips, Francis
MIDDLESEX - TOTTENHAM Smith, Bentley, Hoy, Phillips, Mead, Cooke