Author Topic: Anglo Saxon Names in Sussex  (Read 20914 times)

Offline Chris in 1066Land

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Anglo Saxon Names in Sussex
« on: Sunday 17 July 05 00:11 BST (UK) »
The following Anglo-Saxon words will be traced in the names of almost all the towns and villages in Sussex:

BECC.       A brook. Beck as in Bexhill.
BÚR.        A cottage; a dwelling as in Edburton.
BURH      A hill; a citadel.  Burghersh; Bury; Pulborough.
BURNE.    A stream; a river. Bourne as in Eastbowne
CEASTER   A camp.  [From Lat. castrum.] Chester,  Winchester.
COMB.      A .alley. \FromWelsH^ Combe. Balcombe.
COTE.       A cot. Woodmancote; Coates.
CROFT.    A small enclosed field. Wivelscroft.
DAL.       A valley. Dell; del. as in Arundel.
DENU.      A valley. Den; dean as in Marden; Westdean.
DÚN.       A hill; a down. Don as in Slindon.
EA.        Water; marshy place.  Ea as in Selsea and Winchelsea.
FELD.       An open field; pasture; plain. Field as in Heathfield.
FOLDE      A field. Fold as in Slinfold.
GAT      A gate; or rather, a way; street. Gate as in Rogate or Eastergate.
GRÆF.    A grave; or a grove. Grove as in Boxgrove
HAM.       A village; an enclosed place. Ham as in Beddingham.
HOU.       A hill. Hoe as in Piddinghoe and Houghton.
HOLT.       A grove. Wigginholt.
HURST.    A wood. Nuthurst.
IG.       An island. Ey as in Thorney.
ING.      A meadow as in Angmering.
ING   Used as a patronymic; thus Wilming would signify the descendants of Wilm; whence Wilmington or Rustington, etc.
LEAG        A pasture. Ley as in Earnley.
MERE.       A pool or lake. Mare; mere as in Haremare or Tangmere.
MERSC.    A marsh. Marsh as in Peasmarsh.
STEDE.    A place; a station. Stead; sted as in East Grinstead or Horsted.
STÓC.       A place. Stock; stoke as in West Stoke.
TÚN      A close, a field, a dwelling Ton as in Alciston
WEORTHIG   A farm, an estate, a public way WORTH as in Fittleworth
WIC      A dwelling place, a village. Wick as in Wick or Terwick and Berwik
WINCEL   A corner, as in Winchelsea.

From “A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect” by Rev W.D. Parish, Vicar of Selmeston, Sussex, Printed 1967 by Gardeners of Bexhill Ltd.

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