Author Topic: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870  (Read 2231 times)

Offline AP999

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Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« on: Sunday 06 November 22 22:05 GMT (UK) »
I have reached a dead end researching my relatives who emigrated from Ireland to the US sometime prior to 1870.  I haven't found any reference to where in Ireland they came from.  What was the most common route/point of entry for emigres in that time period?

Offline Maggsie

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Re: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« Reply #1 on: Monday 07 November 22 16:37 GMT (UK) »
Hi, please state a name and I will see what I ca find.
Maggsie

Offline Elwyn Soutter

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Re: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« Reply #2 on: Monday 07 November 22 17:46 GMT (UK) »
In the earlier years of migration ships sailed from some quite small ports around Ireland but by the mid to late 1800s larger steamships meant fewer ports were in use.  There were regular weekly sailings from Londonderry to New York, Philadelphia, Quebec and St John NB (Canada used to be cheaper to get to so, if money was tight, US bound migrants might use that route and then cross the land border into the US).  See example shipping advert attached:

http://donegalgenealogy.com/passengers.htm

There were also sailings from Belfast, Dublin and Queenstown (todayís Cobh) in Co. Cork. However, by far the biggest port of departure for the US & Canada was Liverpool which was a sort of clearing house for migrants from all over Europe. There were often several departures every day from Liverpool to New York, Boston etc. Competition for the business was fierce and many ships agents threw in the cost of the short passage from Ireland to Liverpool free, as well as a couple of nights accommodation in Liverpool. The reputation of the Liverpool lodgings was not good. Migrants often didnít get very good treatment there. See this link for general background but also details of possible Irish sources eg the Irish Emigration Database in Omagh, Co Tyrone:

https://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/archivesheet13

Use this website to see where in Ireland a surname was common in the mid 1800s: https://www.johngrenham.com/surnames/
Elwyn

Offline Maiden Stone

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Re: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« Reply #3 on: Tuesday 08 November 22 01:25 GMT (UK) »
Cowban


Offline AP999

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Re: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« Reply #4 on: Tuesday 15 November 22 17:21 GMT (UK) »
Thank you to all for the links provided. The Irish Genealogy Toolkit looks like it will be especially helpful.

Offline Viktoria

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Re: Emigration from Ireland to US prior to 1870
« Reply #5 on: Tuesday 15 November 22 23:37 GMT (UK) »
In The Great Famine ,1841 onwards,it is possible over two million people emigrated from Ireland ,many to America.

Viktoria.